British Wreck Commissioner's Inquiry
Report on the Loss of the "Titanic." (s.s.)
THE MERCHANT SHIPPING ACTS, 1894 TO 1906.
IN THE MATTER OF the Formal Investigation held at the Scottish Hall, Buckingham Gate, Westminster, on the 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, and 24th May, the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 21st, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, and 29th June, at the Caxton Hall, Caxton Street, Westminster, on the 1st and 3rd July, and at the Scottish Hall, Buckingham Gate, Westminster, on the 30th July, 1912, before the Right Honourable Lord Mersey, Wreck Commissioner, assisted by Rear Admiral the Honourable S. A. Gough-Calthorpe, C.V.O., R.N.; Captain A. W. Clarke; Commander F. C. A. Lyon, R.N.R.; Professor J. H. Biles, D.Sc., LL.D.; and Mr. E. C. Chaston, R.N.R., as Assessors, into the circumstances attending the loss of the steamship "Titanic" of Liverpool, and the loss of 1,490 lives in the North Atlantic Ocean, in lat. 41 deg; 46' N., long. 50 deg; 14' W. on the 15th April last.
REPORT OF THE COURT.
The Court, having carefully inquired into the circumstances of the above mentioned shipping casualty, finds, for the reasons appearing in the annex hereto, that the loss of the said ship was due to collision with an iceberg, brought about by the excessive speed at which the ship was being navigated.
Dated this 30th day of July, 1912.
We concur in the above report.
A. W. CLARKE,
F. C. A. LYON,
J. H. BILES,
EDWARD C. CHASTON.
ANNEX TO THE REPORT
1. DESCRIPTION OF THE SHIP
The White Star Line
The S.S. Titanic
Decks and Accommodation
Crew and Passengers
2. ACCOUNT OF THE SHIP'S JOURNEY ACROSS THE ATLANTIC, THE MESSAGES SHE RECEIVED AND THE DISASTER
The Sailing Orders
The Route Followed
Ice Messages Received
Speed of the Ship
The Weather Conditions
Action that should have been taken
3. DESCRIPTION OF THE DAMAGE TO THE SHIP AND OF ITS GRADUAL AND FINAL EFFECT, WITH OBSERVATIONS THEREON
Extent of the Damage
Time in which the Damage was done
The Flooding in the first 10 Minutes
Gradual Effect of the Damage
Final Effect of the Damage
Effect of Additional Subdivision upon floatation
4. ACCOUNT OF THE SAVING AND RESCUE OF THOSE WHO SURVIVED
Conduct of Sir C. Duff Gordon and Mr. Ismay
The Third-Class Passengers
Means taken to procure Assistance
The Rescue by the S.S. Carpathia
5. THE CIRCUMSTANCES IN CONNECTION WITH THE S.S. CALIFORNIAN
6. THE BOARD OF TRADE'S ADMINISTRATION
Board of Trade's Administration
Report of the Life Saving Appliances Subcommittee to the Merchant Shipping Advisory Committee
Extension of life-saving apparatus tables
Proposed Extension of Boat Scale
Draft Amendment of General Rules
Construction of Ship's Boats
Powers of the Board as Regards the Supervision of Designs of Vessels
7. FINDING OF THE COURT
Lifeboats and Rafts
Manning the Boats and Boat Drills