British Wreck Commissioner's Inquiry

Day 27

Testimony of Hugh Young

Examined by Mr. BUTLER ASPINALL.

25220. You are a retired Master mariner?
- Yes.

25221. And you hold an Extra Master's certificate?
- Yes.

25222. For 37 years did you command steamers in the Anchor Line?
- Thirty-seven years.

25223. In such position were you travelling backwards and forwards between Glasgow and New York?
- For 35 years I was travelling across, all that time.

25224. Are you familiar with ice-fields and icebergs?
- Quite.

25225. Do you know the weather conditions which existed when the "Titanic" struck the iceberg?
- I understand it was a dead calm.

25226. It was a dead calm; it was a clear night?
- Yes.

25227. No sea?
- No sea.

25228. And no moon. Now assuming those to be the conditions, and assuming that you had had information that there was a probability that you might be travelling through a region of the sea at night where you might meet icebergs, would you or would you not reduce the speed of your vessel?
- No, sir.

25229. What was the fastest vessel you ever commanded?
- The "City of Rome," 17 knots.

25230. One other matter. With regard to look-out at night, when you have been informed that you may be passing icebergs, what provision did you make for your look-out under such circumstances?
- The same as other times, as long as it was clear - two men in the crow's-nest.

25231. You had two men in the crow's-nest?
- Yes, I had two men in the crow's-nest.

25232. And nobody on the stem head?
- Not when it is perfectly clear.

Examined by Sir ROBERT FINLAY.

25233. Captain Young, if ice were reported, would you keep your course, as well as maintain your speed, in clear weather?
- I should keep my course and maintain my speed.

25234. How many years were you in the New York trade, crossing the Atlantic?
- About 37 years.

The Commissioner:
Just direct your attention, Sir Robert, to field ice, as well as icebergs.

25235. (Sir Robert Finlay.) If your Lordship pleases. (To the witness.) Suppose you were told there was field ice, would your practice be the same, or different?
- Just the same.

25236. Has that been the universal practice in the trade as long as you have known it?
- As far as I know, yes.

25237. All ships have done so?
- I think so.

25238. Now, just one question with regard to the change of temperature. A good deal has been said about a change of temperature, it becoming colder, indicating you were approaching icebergs or ice. What do you say about that?
- I do not think it is any indication. The temperature indicates a colder current and no more.

The Commissioner:
It stands thus on the evidence at present, that it may be an indication and it may not be.

25239. (Sir Robert Finlay.) What do you say about that, Captain Young?
- I say the change in temperature tells you you are getting into a colder current. There may be ice and there may not be.

The Commissioner:
And it may be due to ice and it may not be due to ice.

25240. (Sir Robert Finlay.) What do you say to that?

The Witness:
I say the same thing.

25241. Have you been in the montreal trade as well?
- No.

TIP NOTE: The original inquiry transcripts also included Questions 25242 to 25253 as part of Hugh Young's testimony. However, after careful consideration of the testimony it was determined that this data actually constitutes the opening testimony of William Stewart, who followed Mr. Young on the stand. Therefore, the decision was made to move the testimony into its proper place.

(The witness withdrew.)